Acne Scars

Acne is something that most of us have experienced at one time or another. Acne occurs when the oil produced by the sebaceous gland does not reach the surface of the skin but is trapped in the hair follicle. This is followed by bacterial colonization of the follicle with ensuing inflammation. This forms plugs; plugs may close off the pores, causing the pores to bulge, which creates a whitehead. If the pore stays open, the top surface of the plug may become darkened, causing a blackhead. When the bacteria and pus leak from the pore into the surrounding tissue, pimples are formed. Acne can be unsightly and disfiguring. It can also lead to serious and permanent scarring.

Myths like "only youths have acne, it will just go away" have prevented many from seeking appropriated treatment for years.

What are the treatments available?
Fortunately, severe and mild acne scars can be successfully treated with a range of procedures. Your doctor will determine the severity of your acne problem and will recommend the most suitable treatment for your acne management. The common acne scar treatments include:

1. Laser treatment
This does not require anesthesia, as they are not painful and there is no downtime. Depending on the type of acne scars, improvements using laser treatment can be dramatic. The improvement is gradual and continues to even after the treatment stops.

2. Microdermabrasion
Microdermabration, with or without Vitamin C iontophoresis, removes the topmost layer of skin by gently removing the skin using natural aluminium oxide crystals while at the same time vacuuming the dead skin cells away. This gentle treatment can provide noticeable improvement to moderate acne scars.

3. Chemical Peels
It uses a chemical solution to peel off the outer layers of skin. It is an effective treatment for shallow acne scars. After treatment, a smoother layer of skin is seen.

4. Soft tissue Fillers
Injectable soft tissue fillers are good treatments for shallow and deep acne scars. These fillers can be injected into the area of the scar, smoothing depression. Results are immediately apparent.

5. Medicated Creams
Your doctor may select appropriate medicated creams to treat and control your acne problems. The common acne control treatment includes antibiotics, oral antibiotics and comedolytics.